When we listen to music, various areas of our brain become active and processes the sounds in different ways.
“Executive functions (EF) are described as cognitive processes that enable people to quickly pro-cess and retain information, regulate their behaviours, make good choices, solve problems, plan and adjust to changing mental demands“ Scicasts
Another component of EF is having cognitive flexibility as represented by the ability to adjust to novel or changing tasks on demand. Studies have shown that listening to music can ignite these functions and if people actually learn to play an instrument themselves, this activity increases even more.
The so called ‘Mozart Effect’ (the ability to improve intelligence just by listening to Mozart’s music) may just have something in it, once you look at the different ways in which music can effect our brains.